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International Journal of Management Studies (IJMS) Vol. 19, No. 2 December 2012

Knowledge Stickiness, Knowledge Management and their Impact on Firm Level Competitive Advantage
John Lipinski
Department of Management and Marketing
Middle Tennessee State University
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This paper explores the areas of Knowledge Stickiness and Knowledge Management. In doing so, it develops a set of propositions for considering the Stickiness of Knowledge as a construct to be used to understand the impact of knowledge management strategies and fi rm-level performance within a given industry. The result of this work builds on previous work in knowledge management and business strategy thus providing a research stream that looks at the relationship between a fi rm’s knowledge management strategy and how the fi rm views its boundaries with other fi rms in the industry.
Keywords: Knowledge management, sticky knowledge, competitive advantage, tacit knowledge, explicit knowledge.

An Empirical Study of Knowledge-Management Contextual Factor in the Emergence of Information Communication Technology in Schools
Ramlee Ismail & Marinah Awang
Faculty of Management and Economics
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Information technology in schools aggressively emerged in the late 1990s to reinvent the teaching and learning process in Malaysia. Schools no longer existed merely for the purposes of traditional teaching and learning but were needed to enhance their knowledge activities so as to be able to cope with the rapid changes that were taking place. The objectives of this study are to determine the contribution of knowledge contextual factors to the knowledge activities, with particular reference to the emergence of information technologies in schools, and to evaluate progress with respect to knowledge activities in school education. The research is designed around questionnaires based on a knowledge-management conceptual framework administered to random samples of teachers in information technologyfacilitated schools and regular schools so as to be able to make comparisons. Interestingly the fi ndings show that the information technology under the “ICT Facilitated school” is not a key factor contributing to knowledge sharing among the teachers. The fi ndings also provide evidence that culture is the most important factor relating to a knowledge activity. Knowledge friendly, motivating staff , committ ed leadership, openness and mutual trust are some examples of positive school culture, whereas management factor remains crucial in facilitating learning and sharing among teachers.
Keywords: Knowledge management, school, culture, management, technology.

Organizational Commitment and Intention to Leave Among Nurses: The Mediating Role of Moral Obligation
Khatijah Omar & Marhana Mohamed Anuar
Faculty of Management and Economics
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
Abdul Halim Abdul Majid & Husna Johari
UUM College of Business
Universiti Utara Malaysia
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
In today’s fast-paced economic competition, committ ed and loyal employees are important for the profi t-oriented organizations to gain and sustain their competitiveness. Even for non-profi t-oriented organizations like hospitals and universities, these committ ed and loyal employees will lead to bett er quality service and improved organizational performance. Thus, it is vital for the organizations to sustain employees’ commitment because once the employees’ commitments decrease, it would be diffi cult for organizations to retain their employees. This study investigated the relationship between organizational commitment and intention to leave among nurses in Malaysian public hospitals, and determined the role of moral obligation as a mediator on the relationship between organizational commitment and intention to leave. The study focused on permanent nurses working in public hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. The results supported that organizational commitment was signifi cantly and negatively related to intention to leave. The macro results also showed that moral obligation was a mediator in the relationships between organizational commitment and the intention to leave. The results were crucial to be looked into so that management and employers could have ample understanding and guidelines if they were to draft retention strategies. Even though many studies had been conducted on the intention to leave, most of them were conducted in developed countries and this study is believed to enhance the literature gap since it has an emphasis in the Malaysian context.
Keywords: Intention to leave, organizational commitment, moral obligation.

Patterns and Factors Affecting Wives’ Influence in Family Purchase Decision-Making in Urban Malaysia
Samsinar Md Sidin & Dahlia Zawawi
Faculty of Economics and Management
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Carol Teo Boon Hui
Faculty of Business Management
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Family purchase decision-making is the process by which decisions regarding purchases for the families are made. The roles played by family members differ with regard to the products being purchased, the stage in the decision-making process, and the characteristics of families and spouses. This study aims to investigate the family purchase decision-making process in urban Malaysia and the factors aff ecting this process. Taking into consideration past research, four hypotheses were developed. These hypothese were based on products / services, stage of the decision-making process, and selected demographic variables (income, occupation, education). A survey using a structured questionnaire was used to collect data (N=1,000) in four different regions in Malaysia (Klang Valley, Penang, Kuantan, Johor Bahru). The findings of this study revealed that the majority of the products/services purchased for the family was a joint decision. The wives’ infl uence generally decreased in the outcome stage, i.e., when products were actually purchased. The analyses of the effects of the selected demographic variables revealed that generally, there were significant effects of these variables on the majority of the purchases.
Keywords: Decision-making, demographic variables, family purchases, role structure, wives’ influence.

Analysis of Zakat Management in Brunei Darussalam
Mohamed Sharif Bashir & Nurul Nabilah Haji Ali
Faculty of Business and Management Sciences
Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic
University, Brunei Darussalam
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
The main objective of this paper is to analyze the management of zakat funds in Brunei Darussalam. More specifi cally, it aims at investigating how zakat funds recipients perceive the quality of the current zakat management with special attention to the aspect of zakat funds disbursement. It also aims to examine how effi cient Brunei’s zakat administration is, particularly the distribution aspect. This paper is explanatory and descriptive in nature and uses both secondary and primary data to examine the trends of zakat collection and distribution. The fi ndings in this paper show that zakat management in Brunei Darussalam is progressing to achieve the main objectives of zakat system. The paper also provides some useful policy implications to improve the management of zakat funds and how policy-makers can respond to the challenges positively as well as to develop and support zakat institutions in Brunei Darussalam to be more efficient and reliable in the collection and distribution of zakat funds.
Keyword: Zakat management, Islamic finance, zakat recipients, Brunei Darussalam.

Pengurusan Pembangunan Harta Wakaf: Pengalaman Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang (MAINPP) Terhadap Wakaf Seetee Aishah
Hydzulkifli Hashim
Islamic Business School
Universiti Utara Malaysia
Asmak Ab. Rahman
Faculty of Syariah & Economics
Universiti Malaya
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Terdapat beberapa kaedah yang boleh dipraktikkan untuk memproduktifkan aset wakaf. Hal ini termasuk aktiviti seperti, menyewakan aset wakaf kepada pihak yang berkepentingan dan melakukan aktiviti ekonomi dalam pelbagai bidang seperti bidang pertanian dan penternakan. Sekiranya kesemua kaedah tersebut tidak sesuai dipraktikkan, nazir hendaklah mencari alternatif lain agar tanah tersebut dapat diproduktifk an. Pemegang amanah wakaf juga seharusnya peka terhadap potensi sesebuah tanah wakaf yang berada di bawah jagaannya agar dapat dioptimunkan penggunaannya. Oleh itu, pelaburan hartanah merupakan salah satu alternatif yang boleh dilakukan untuk tujuan membangunkan tanah wakaf. Pelaburan hartanah terhadap harta wakaf dapat dibuat dengan cara pembinaan bangunan secara komersil seperti pasar raya, tempat penginapan (hotel) dan juga taman perumahan. Dengan ini penciptaan aset wakaf baru akan terhasil setelah tanah wakaf tersebut dibangunkan. Penyelidikan ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji kaedah pembangunan secara komersil yang telah dilakukan oleh Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang (MAINPP) terhadap salah sebuah tanah wakaf (waqaf Seetee Aishah) yang terletak di Seberang Jaya, Pulau Pinang. Dengan kepakaran pengurusan yang ada dipihak MAINPP serta kerjasama daripada UDA Holdings Berhad, tanah wakaf Seetee Aishah telah berjaya diproduktifkan dengan pembinaan sebuah taman perumahan yang dikenali sebagai taman perumahan wakaf Seetee Aishah.
Kata kunci: Pembangunan harta wakaf, Majlis Agam a Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang (MAINPP), pelaburan harta wakaf.

Perbelanjaan Awam dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi: Bukti Empirik daripada Kerajaan Negeri di Semenanjung Malaysia
Norain Mod Asri, Zulkefly Abdul Karim, Md Zyadi Md Tahir & Wook Endut
Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Kertas ini bertujuan mengkaji hubungan antara perbelanjaan awam dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi di peringkat kerajaan negeri di Semenanjung Malaysia. Beberapa pemboleh ubah yang lain seperti hasil cukai, imbangan fiskal, dan jumlah populasi penduduk juga diambil kira dalam menganggar model persamaan. Kajian ini mengaplikasi ujian kointegrasi Johansen untuk menganalisis hubungan jangka panjang (kointegrasi) dan model vektor pembetulan ralat (VECM) untuk menentukan arah sebab-menyebab dalam jangka pendek dan jangka panjang dalam kalangan pemboleh ubah kajian. Keputusan kajian menunjukkan; pertama, tidak wujud hubungan jangka panjang antara output negeri dengan belanja awam di negeri Selangor. Kedua, di negeri Pahang dan Melaka wujud hubungan sebab-menyebab dua hala dalam jangka panjang antara output negeri dengan belanja awam. Ketiga, dalam jangka pendek, perubahan output signifikan menjadi penyebab Granger kepada perubahan perbelanjaan awam di Negeri Sembilan, Kedah, Melaka dan Pulau Pinang, yang menyokong hipotesis Wagner. Sebaliknya, di negeri Pahang dan Perak, perubahan perbelanjaan awam signifikan menjadi penyebab Granger kepada perubahan output dalam jangka pendek, yang mengesahkan hipotesis Keynes di negeri tersebut.
Kata kunci: Perbelanjaan awam, pertumbuhan ekonomi, ujian kointegrasi Johansen, VECM, VAR.

Hubungan Dinamik antara Pasaran Saham dengan Kadar Pertukaran: Bukti Empirikal di Asean-3
Abu Hassan Shaari Mohd Nor, Mori Kogid & Tamat Sarmidi
Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Tujuan utama kajian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara pasaran saham dengan kadar pertukaran di negara ASEAN terpilih iaitu Malaysia, Thailand dan Filipina. Dengan menggunakan data bulanan bermula Januari 1994 hingga September 2011, hasil ujian Johansen dengan perubahan struktur menunjukkan wujud hubungan kointegrasi antara pasaran saham dengan kadar pertukaran bagi kes Malaysia dan Filipina sahaja. Walau bagaimanapun, hasil ujian penyebab Granger jangka pendek berdasarkan pendekatan dinamik VECM dan Toda-Yamamoto menunjukkan wujud hubungan penyebab dua hala antara pasaran saham dengan kada pertukaran bagi kes Malaysia dan Thailand dengan darjah hubungan penyebab Granger yang kuat daripada kadar pertukaran kepada pasaran saham di Malaysia. Sebaliknya tiada hubungan penyebab dapat dikesan bagi kes Filipina. Dua hasil penting daripada kajian ini adalah: (1) Kajian ini mencadangkan bahawa krisis kewangan Asia dan krisis ekonomi global memberikan kesan yang berbeza terhadap hubungan dinamik antara pasaran saham dengan kadar pertukaran di tiga negara yang dikaji; (2) Implikasi dasar ekonomi berkaitan hubungan antara pasaran saham dengan kadar pertukaran adalah bersifat khusus kepada sesebuah negara.
Kata Kunci: SP, REER, kointegrasi, Penyebab Granger, perubahan struktur.

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